Lviv clinical bulletin 2021, 3(35)-4(36): 65-69

Modern View on the Problem of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with and without Comorbid Lesions of the Circulatory System (Literature Review, Clinical Case Description) – Second Notice

L. Kobak, O. Abrahamovych, U. Abrahamovych, V. Chemes

Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

Introduction. The prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the world is significant. In recent years, there has been a tendency of the SLE prevalence increase. Despite the undoubted progress in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of SLE, its diagnosis and treatment, the mortality of patients, including ones at young and working age, is higher than in the general population, and circulatory system lesions are ones of its main reasons in these cases.

The aim of the study. To analyze the literature, devoted to the modern view on the problem of systemic lupus erythematosus with and without comorbid lesions of the circulatory system, describe the clinical case.

Materials and methods. Content analysis, method of system and comparative analysis, bibliosemantic method of studying the current scientific studies on modern principles of diagnosis and treatment of patients with SLE are used. A clinical case is described.

Results. A clinical case of a 43-year-old patient S., who was hospitalized for SLE, she considers herself ill for eighteen years and she has been constantly taken outpatient and periodically inpatient treatment due to the frequent deteriorations in her general condition, clinical and laboratory parameters, is described. Based on the received results of the examinations, applying the method of determining the functional class of SLE, the patient was diagnosed with a clinical diagnosis indicating comorbid lesions of various organs and systems (skin, joints, kidneys, vessels, heart, blood system, immune system, eyes). The generally accepted basic medical complex of the patient includes drugs, taking into account the lesions to the circulatory system. The conducted complex pathogenetic treatment gave a positive result.

Conclusions. In the described clinical case demonstrated the development of comorbid lesions of many organs and systems, including circulatory system, in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. Inclusion in the treatment complex in addition to basic and drugs for the treatment lesions of circulatory system has improved the general condition of the patient, stabilized clinical and laboratory parameters, as evidenced by a prospective study during three years. The information provided in our clinical case is consistent with the results of the literature review. Systemic lupus erythematosus needs further in-depth study due to its widespread prevalence among young and people of working age, lack of accurate knowledge about the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, comorbid lesions of many organs and systems, including circulatory system, the development of severe and often life-threatening manifestations, the lack of clear recommendations that would predict the differentiated use of drugs taking into account comorbid syntropic lesions.


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