O. Barna1, O. Getman2, Ya. Korost1
1Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
2SBI “Association of preventive and anti-aging medicine”
Introduction. Aging is a general property of all living and non-living systems, which represents the accumulation of violations of the structure and reduction of the function of the system. These changes develop over time. One of the important reasons for the aging of a living system is the inadequacy of its renewal. Theoretically, two main mechanisms of aging are distinguished. The first is the genetically determined non-renewal of a number of structures, which with age are gradually destroyed or lose their ability to function. This process is random, it is called stochastic aging.
The second mechanism of aging develops due to a decrease in the rate of self-renewal. It is caused by the changes in the effect of programs regulating processes in a living organism and is called regulatory aging. In modern conditions, there is the possibility of using various diagnostic techniques to determine the individual aging profile of an organism and to select on the basis of the obtained results an aging prevention program.
Aim. To make an overview of contemporary literature on the issue of anti-aging medicine, its main principles and tasks.
Materials and methods. The content analysis, the method of system and comparative analysis, the bibliosemantic method of studying the current scientific research on the issue of anti-aging medicine, its main principles and tasks were used.
Results. The emergence of anti-aging medicine is associated with an increase of life expectancy in economically developed countries. People live longer and, for understandable reasons, tend to be active even at a respectable age. The methods of laboratory and functional diagnostics have already reached the level when it is possible to speak about the possibility of accurately predicting the state of health of each person in old age.
Prediction algorithm of aging includes an assessment of anamnestic data, physical examination, diagnosis of menopause, assessment of the functional state of various organs and systems using the methods of functional diagnostics, laboratory tests, evaluation of hormonal functions, immunological studies.
Conclusions. Anti-aging medicine, its main principles are based on the application of advanced scientific and medical technologies for the early detection, prevention, treatment and reduction of the number of age-related diseases. The slowing down of aging processes aims not only to increase the number of years spent, but also to improve the quality of life in old age.
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