Lviv clinical bulletin 2021, 3(35)-4(36): 91-97

Еfficiency of Basal Cell Diagnosis Skin Carcinomas Using Dermatoscopy in Combination with Ultrasound (Literature Review; Description of Clinical Cases)

A. Bulinska1, Ya. Zaychenko2, А. Kucher2, I. Mota3

1School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australiа

2Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

3ULTRAMED Ultrasound Diagnostics Center

Introduction. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin is the most common skin cancer in people with fair skin color. Early detection of basal cell carcinoma and proper surgical approach are crucial to reduce the incidence of this tumor. Visual examination is the first screening tool used by clinicians, but sometimes it is not enough to differentiate and determine treatment tactics. Therefore, non-invasive methods such as dermatoscopy and ultrasonography of the skin have recently become widely used, which provide a clear diagnosis, fully correlate with the pathomorphological diagnosis and allow determining the invasiveness of the process and the scope of surgery.

The aim of the study. To establish the effectiveness of the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma of the skin using dermatoscopy in combination with ultrasound, to clarify and justify the feasibility of using a double diagnostic test “Dermatoscopy + Ultrasound” in the diagnosis of skin tumors for future surgery.

Materials and methods. Two cases of basal cell basal cell carcinoma in young patients with atypical localization, dermatoscopic and ultrasonographic parameters, correlation with pathomorphological diagnosis are described. Dermatoscopic parameters were evaluated according to G. Kittler’s algorithm, skin ultrasound was performed on an expert class device “ACUSON Juniper Ultrasound System” with color and energy Doppler modes by a linear multifrequency transducer (5-17MHz) according to the original protocol developed by G.Alakhverdian.

Results. A feature of the described clinical cases is the young age of patients (21 and 29 years), which is an atypical phenomenon in relation to the manifestations of BCC and indicates that recently basal cell carcinoma begins to occur at a young age and its typical location changes. The obtained data of dermatoscopic and ultrasonographic examination confirm specific clinical symptoms and are completely correlated with pathomorphological diagnosis.

Conclusions. Dermatoscopy in combination with skin ultrasonography are reliable non-invasive techniques that allow real-time detection of clinical and subclinical lesions and should be used to diagnose and monitor for all skin cancers.


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