Lviv clinical bulletin 2019, 2(26)-3(27): 8-15

The Basic Principles of Follow-up Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Precarpathian Region and the Effectiveness of Cardiorehabilitation of These Patients After Myocardial Revascularization

I. Vakaliuk, R. Nesterak, V. Sovtus

Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

Introduction. Coronary heart disease is the main cause of mortality among diseases of the circulatory system, and the use of myocardial revascularisation contributes to the improvement of the disease course. However, along with the use of high-tech diagnostic and treatment methods, cardio-rehabilitation is an integral part of the process with the search of the new methods for its improvement.

The aim of the study. To characterize the basic principles of curation of patients with acute coronary syndrome in the Carpathian region and to evaluate the effectiveness of cardio-rehabilitation of these patients after myocardial revascularization.

Materials and methods. The peculiarities of the course and treatment of acute coronary syndrome in the period from 2014 to 2018 in the Ivano-Frankivsk region were analyzed. There were 210 patients examined with coronary artery disease with different forms and used methods of treatment, patients with stable ischemic heart disease, who were performed percutaneous coronary intervetion; they were divided into groups depending on the methods of restorative treatment and rehabilitation. In order to improve the quality of rehabilitation of patients the suggestive therapy with musical accompaniment was used. The rehabilitation was performed using the author’s program “Psychological rehabilitation of patients with ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction by optimization of the internal (inner) state”, which included 5 interactive lessons with the use of the elements of the training. Lessons were performed by a cardiologist and psychologist and they were constructed taking into account the components of the inner picture of health. The clinical-anamnestic data, instrumental, psychometric methods were studied at the beginning of treatment, after 1 month and after 6 months of restorative treatment.

Results. Every year the number of percutaneous coronary interventions in the Precarpathian region increases. The study of the course of stable ischemic heart disease revealed that the lowest rates of depression were in men under 45 years and over 75 years old, the highest in men aged 45-59 years. The use of the program contributed to a significant reduction of the signs of anxiety during 6 months of treatment. Planed stenting with further rehabilitation and rehabilitation under the program contributes to the positive dynamics of hemodynamics with a decrease in left ventricle volume (end systolic volume from 127.50 ± 6.12 to 109.50 ± 76.00 cm3; end diastolic volume from 65.30 ± 3.20 to 54.40 ± 3.00 cm3 (p < 0.05); the improvement in quality of life also depended on the treatment used, on a scale ″Attitude to illness″ in traditional treatment – 60.0 ± 5.0 %, in the group of the suggestive 80.0 ± 4.0 and 93.0 ± 5.0 %, respectively (p < 0.05) were found to reduce depression and anxiety in patients with stable coronary heart disease. Thus, the average anxiety score decreased by 29.7 % from 8.36 ± 0.61 at the beginning of treatment to 5.88 ± 0.47 points after 6 months of curation.

Conclusions. Analyzing the peculiarities of the course and treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome in the period 2014-2018 in the Carpathian region, it is found that the introduction of modern methods of restoration of coronary blood flow with the use of urgent on the planned stenting can significantly affect the occurrence of cases. There is an increase in the number of percutaneous coronary interventions performed in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and no regularities are noted among the planned interventions. The effectiveness of curation of patients with acute coronary syndrome is mediated by a number of clinical and psychological characteristics, namely the type of blood supply, the chosen method of restoration of the coronary flow, its urgent performance, changes in intracardiac hemodynamics and psycho-emotional state of the patient. Timely restoration of coronary perfusion and effective rehabilitation measures in patients with coronary heart disease provide correction of the clinical course of the disease, reducing the signs of depression and improving the quality of life of patients. Evaluating the effectiveness of cardiorehabilitation, a combination of traditional treatment of suggestive curation and training in the program of “Psychological rehabilitation of patients with coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction by optimizing the internal state” is inserted as appropriate.


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